Hitit University, Faculty of Engineering, Department of Food Engineering, TR-19030 Corum, Turkey
Hilal Zeynep Sahin, Bülent Kabak
Mycotoxins are toxic, hazardous chemicals that affect human and animal health. The most common problem that importers are facing when importing cereals from main supplying countries is contamination with mycotoxins. The aim of the present study was to assess the presence of deoxynivalenol (DON) and fumonisins (FUM) in cereals and derived products. A total of 225 samples (60 wheat, 60 maize, 40 rice, 40 pasta and 25 maize chip) collected from Turkey were analysed by high performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method. The method performance was satisfactory and allowed to quantify target analytes accurately. DON was determined in 6.7% of wheat samples with a range of 158–653 µg/kg. Only two rice and two pasta samples contain trace amounts of DON, while no DON was detected in maize and maize chip products. Eleven maize samples (18.3%) contained fumonisin B1 (FB1), but levels (125–830 µg/kg) were below the European Union maximum level of 4000 µg/kg. FB1 was not detected in any wheat and rice sample, but it was detected in just one pasta and one maize chip sample. It is recommended to further monitoring both of free and modified Fusarium toxins in cereals and derived products throughout Turkey.
Keywords: Deoxynivalenol, fumonisin, food safety, HPLC
Arch Lebensmittelhyg 72,
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